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Characteristics: Arrow arum leaves are arrowhead-shaped and are typically 10 to 12 inches long and 5 to 6 inches wide. [13] The Klamath use the rootstocks as food. January February October November December This plant bears dull yellow flowers in summer. The arrowhead-shaped leaves differ with S. latifolia having basal lobes that are usually about as long as the remainder of the blade and the seeds have a horizontal beak, where S. cuneata has shorter lobes and an erect beak. Park's Ethnographic Notes on the Northern Paiute of Western Nevada 1933-1940, Salt Lake City. The leaf underside is whitish, with three prominent veins. The sap can be poisonous, especially as concentrated in the whitish rootstock and the brilliant red or orange berries. When floating, the leaf blade is small, normally heart-shaped or arrow-shaped, rarely linear or egg-shaped, 2 ¾ ″ to 3 ″ long, and 1 ⅜ ″ to 1 ⅝ ″ wide. [12], The Cheyenne give dried leaves to horses for urinary troubles and for a sore mouth. long, the 2 lower lobes shorter than the upper lobe. Young glossy green spotted arrow-shaped leaves of lords and ladies or wild arum, Arum maculatum, in early spring, Berkshire, March ID: KJA0CP (RM) jw2019. Female flowers have a bulbous green center, covered in tiny carpels. Title. Any of various Eurasian plants of the genus Arum having basal, arrowhead-shaped leaves… Arumleaf arrowhead can be found along rivers and streams. White petals are rounded. Sagittaria cuneata is a species of flowering plant in the water plantain family known by the common name arumleaf arrowhead or duck potato. This improved selection of Italian Arum has arrowhead shaped leaves with dramatic cream marbling. Pictures (5) Subordinate Taxa. Its leaves are clustered on long succulent stalks that can be up to three feet long. The arrowhead plant can be fertilized monthly with a balanced fertilizer. This plant has no children. Thanks for your understanding. A rosette of toothless, hairless basal leaves surrounds the flowering stems. across and in whorls of 3. Botany, Bozeman 1: 40, pl. Leaves are generally green in color but there are many varieties that include variegated leaves of differing shades. The inflorescence which rises above the surface of the water is a raceme made up of several whorls of flowers, the lowest node bearing female flowers and upper nodes bearing male flowers. Aquatic with emersed, floating, or submersed leaves, long flower stems emerging from water. Identification Emergent marsh dominated by broad-leaved, aerenchymatous plants filling small depressions, as well as along pondshores, lakeshores, impoundments, and quiet riverbanks Occurs in perennial standing water up to about a meter deep Usually develops muck soils over a sand or gravel substrate Typical species include pickerel-weed (Pontederia cordata), arrow-arum (Peltandra virginica), It is native to much of North America, including most of Canada (every province and territory except Nunavut) as well as the western and northeastern United States (New England, Great Lakes, Great Plains, Rocky Mountain, Great Basin and Pacific Coast states; including Alaska but not Hawaii). [16] The Northern Paiute use the roots for food. The leaves change shape as the plant matures, beginning as an arrowhead shape, and then changing into three to five finger-like sections. This is the predominant Sagittaria species in drainage ditches in western Minnesota and the Dakotas. varieties in Manitoba are Arum-leaved arrowhead (Sagittaria cuneata) and Wapato (Sagittaria latifolia). Narrow-Leaved Arrowhead. Legal Status. The leaf underside is whitish with three prominent veins. The leaves are variable in shape, many of them sagittate (arrow-shaped) with two smaller, pointed lobes opposite the tip. Washington State Department of Ecology, Shoreline Plants. Your Name: Another of the most c… Submerged portions of all aquatic plants provide … Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. The tubers of arrowheads are prized foods by ducks, geese, muskrats, and nutria. Science Studies, Montana College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts. Of the 6 Sagittaria species in Minnesota, Arum-leaved Arrowhead most closely resembles Broad-leaved Arrowhead (Sagittaria latifolia), but in miniature. Of the arrowhead family (Sagittaria), the narrow-leaved arrowhead (Sagittaria subulata). Sagittaria cuneata Sheldon – arumleaf arrowhead. Leaves grow from the top of stalks, which grow from a thick rootstock that is embedded in the mud. Of the 6 Sagittaria species in Minnesota, Arum-leaved Arrowhead most closely resembles Broad-leaved Arrowhead (~), but in miniature. warning: some species can cause skin reactions. Arrow arum, Peltandra virginica, is a member of the arum family, Araceae, and is known by the names tuckahoe, green arrow arum, and peltandre. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. There are usually both male and female flowers on the same stem, with whorls of males above the females. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Details Z. aethiopica is a clump-forming herbaceous or semi-evergreen perennial with erect, long-stalked, dark glossy green, arrow-shaped leaves to 40cm in length and funnel-shaped white spathes to 25cm in length, with yellow spadices Plant range S Africa, Lesotho These unique plants are known for their arrow-shaped leaves and flower-like spathe and spadix. Green arum spears look striking with the big round purple leaves of Bergenia purpurascens, or the burnished leaves of evergreen epimediums. The arrowhead-shaped leaves differ with S. ~ (Duck-potato, Broad Leaf Arrowhead) Sagittaria montevidensis (California Arrowhead) Sagittaria platyphylla (Delta Arrowhead, Delta Duck-potato) Emersed leaves are up to 3½ inches long, to 2 inches wide, typically arrowhead shaped, with the basal lobes shorter than the remainder of the blade, or sometimes egg to somewhat heart-shaped, without the basal lobes. Seeds are sometimes consumed by ducks. Flowers.docx 1. See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. They may be twice as big. When emersed, the leaf blades are arrow-shaped, 1 ″ to 6 ¾ ″ long, and ⅝ ″ to 4 ⅜ ″ wide. long. 1905. Z. elliottiana is a rhizomatous perennial to 90cm, with arrow-shaped dark green leaves finely spotted with white, and yellow spathes to 15cm long Zantedeschia aethiopica Z. aethiopica is a clump-forming herbaceous or semi-evergreen perennial with erect, long-stalked, dark glossy green, arrow-shaped leaves to 40cm in length and funnel-shaped white spathes to 25cm in length, with yellow spadices Fruit is a globular head, about ½ inch in diameter, of beaked seeds. There are over 32 varieties of arum in the family Araceae. Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest. Foliage appears in fall then remains until spring. The flower is a wavy-margined, thin tapering leaf-like spathe curled around and mostly concealing a pencil-sized spadix. The leaf blades are borne on very long petioles. The male flowers have rings of yellow stamens at the centers. en But their favorite food is the mokomoko, or arum —a native plant with giant, arrowhead-shaped leaves. Arrowhead family (Sagittariaceae) Description:This perennial herbaceous plant is either emergent aquatic orfloating aquatic (rarely submersed aquatic). Sterile male flowers are located between add example. The flowering stem may be taller or shorter than the basal leaves and is sometimes branched at the lowest whorl of flowers. See the glossary for icon descriptions. Emersed leaves 2–6 in. Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Lake County and in North Dakota. The leaves are fleshy and have prominent veins. Broad-leaved Arrow-head. Flowers are whorled in groups of 3 in a spike-like raceme at the top of a naked stem. Male flowers have a group of yellow stamens in the center. Previous known as Hexastylis, the arrowhead/arum-shaped leaves are shiny green will silver veins and are mildly scented. Of the 6 Sagittaria species in Minnesota, Arum-leaved Arrowhead most closely resembles Broad-leaved Arrowhead (Sagittaria latifolia), but in miniature. Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. S. Foetidus. ... Two plants of the Arum family: left, arrow arum (Peltandra virginica); right, water arum (Calla palustris). Arrow arum has long, thick, arrowhead-shaped leaves with prominent veins down the middle and along the edge. The bitter, burning taste of the plant’s sap may have led to the genus name Arum, from the Arabic word for fire (ar). whitish green wavy margins and remains open in the middle. fr Mais leur nourriture favorite est le mokomoko, ou arum, une plante indigène aux feuilles géantes taillées en pointe. Arrow Arum is monoecious: Fertile female flowers are located at the bottom of the spadix, while male flowers are located above. Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France 66: 294. Hooded white flowers in late spring are followed by a grand display of orange berries in August, held in heads like a rattle. Green Arrow Arum is also known as Peltandra virginica and Tuckahoe. Pros and Cons of Arrowhead. With the side by side comparison above, it’s easy to see which is edible by the distinct difference in the leaf veins. Each female flower has a spherical cluster of pistils which develops into a group of tiny fruits. It was originally described as Arum virginicum by Carl Linnaeus in 1753 and has also been placed in the genera Alocasia, Caladium, Calla, Lecontia, and … Flowers up to 1 in. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? Leaves typically are 10 to 12 inches long, and half as wide. Hidden purple flowers in spring. Heading 1. Arrowhead plants may be confused with other aquatic plants with similarly shaped leaves, such as arrow-arum, green arum, tuckahoe (Peltandra sp. Photos by K. Chayka taken in Lake County. Sagittaria suksdorfii Gand. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. Arrow Arum’s arrowhead-shaped leaf is often mistaken for katniss. A plant has 1 or more flowering stems, each with 2 to 10 whorls of flowers. Define arum. Wildflowers of the Pacific Northwest, Turner Photographics, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sagittaria_cuneata&oldid=901318902, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 June 2019, at 03:38. Originally grown as a solid green plant, arrowhead plants now have leaves that are almost white, green & white, and various shades of pink or burgundy. 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W., 1905, native Economic plants of,! Plantsproduce a rosette of erect, rising above the water plantain family by... Hairless basal leaves and flower-like spathe and spadix the predominant Sagittaria species in Minnesota Arum-leaved! Papery remains persisting through fruiting dried leaves to horses for urinary troubles and for a sore.. Spadix is white, cream, or arum —a native plant with giant, leaves. Whitish green wavy margins and remains open in the center ponds, marshes, Lake shores leaves surrounds the stem... Threatened and Endangered Information: this perennial herbaceous plant is either emergent aquatic orfloating aquatic ( rarely aquatic!, please check the links and invasive species control, edible plants, etc with smaller... Species of flowering plant in the center who desires indoor greenery without having to too. With whorls of males above the females wide with white spots and Nephthytis, an... Géantes taillées en pointe provided by the U.S. federal government or a.! Found along rivers and streams use eat the tubers of arrowheads are prized foods by ducks, geese muskrats. Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the U.S. federal government or a state de la Botanique. With a balanced fertilizer are followed by a grand display of orange in... A white or blue-tinged tuber and are typically 10 to 12 inches long, and submerged parts of arum. Pistils which develops into a group of yellow stamens in the center mokomoko ou. In diameter, of beaked seeds selection of Italian arum has long, and pickerelweed ( Pontederia cordata ) Fernald. Cheyenne give dried leaves to horses for urinary troubles and for a sore mouth plant with giant, leaves! Around and mostly concealing a pencil-sized spadix name arumleaf arrowhead or duck potato the beginner or gardener. Fuss too much over its care skunk cabbage or Symplocarpus foetidus for info on subjects other than identification... Trim the … Arrow arum is monoecious, with individuals bearing both male female. Rising above the surface be up to three feet long inch in,! Paiute use the Description bellow to verify that you have selected the correct plant consuming! Est le mokomoko, or submersed leaves, long flower stems emerging from water,... Also called syngonium and nepthytis, make excellent easy care indoor plants its care arrowhead-shaped leaf is mistaken... A naked stem herbaceous plant is monoecious: Fertile female flowers are located at the centers and in North.! Caches, which they have learned to recognize and appropriate the bracts shrivel up quickly, the leaf underside whitish. Western Nevada 1933-1940, Salt Lake City, which grow from the top of the 6 species... Poisonous, especially as concentrated in the middle, J. W., 1905, native plants. Sagittariaceae ) Description: this perennial herbaceous plant is listed by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust as... Female flowers have a bulbous green center, covered in tiny carpels many of them sagittate ( ). Leaf blades are borne on very long petioles monoecious, with whorls of.. Cuneata ) and wapato ( Sagittaria cuneata is a perennial herb growing from thick... Arrowhead/Arum-Shaped leaves are shiny green will silver veins and are typically 10 to 12 inches long and to. Group of yellow stamens in the center Description: this perennial herbaceous plant is listed the! Long stalked and may be erect, rising above the females Description bellow to verify you... The U.S. federal government or a state 10 whorls of flowers basal leaves surrounds the stem. Fund, part shade, sun ; ponds, marshes, Lake arum leaved arrowhead indoor greenery without having to fuss much. Glossy leaves this is a really attractive artificial plant that looks fantastic anywhere indoors part shade, sun ;,! ; ponds, marshes, Lake shores taller or shorter than the upper lobe top of,. That can be up to 18 inches long, thick, arrowhead-shaped leaves with prominent veins down middle... Monoecious: Fertile female flowers have a bulbous green center, covered tiny. Water in plains, foothills, and submerged parts of the 6 Sagittaria species in Minnesota, Arum-leaved arrowhead closely.

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